Welcome to Kerala, one of the eighteen 'biodiversity
centres' of the world. This land is home to more than 500 birds and 330
butterfly species, 37 of these endemic to the region.
According to Birdlife International, it is also one of eight 'centres of endemism'
in the Indian Subcontinent. Comprising of the
largest butterfly in India, the Southern or Western Ghats Birdwing
(Troides minos) with a wingspan of about 25 cms to the smallest, the Grass Jewel (Zizula hylax) with only 1.5 to
2 cm wingspan, the Kerala butterfly fauna is rich, diverse and scientifically very
Many Wildlife Sanctuaries in
Kerala (officially protected wildlife parks) are a
lepidopteran's delight - the famous among
them being the Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary at Thattekkad, the Periyar Tiger Reserve, Chinnar Wildlife
Sanctuary, Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary
and Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary. That is not all -
Kerala's beautiful countryside can boast of a vast and fascinating variety of butterflies
- be it in the myriad plantation areas or your own backyard.